Terminology

Legs/feet

  • Chusoku – ball of foot
  • Haisoku – top of foot
  • Teisoku – arch of foot
  • Hiza – knee
  • Kakato – heel
  • Sokuto – outside knife edge of foot
  • Sune – shin
  • Shita – underneath
  • Shomen – to the front of the dojo
  • Soto – outside
  • Tobi -jumping
  • Uchi – inside
  • Yoko – to the side
  • Rei – Bow
  • Yoi – Ready
  • Yameh – Stop
  • Hajime – Start
  • Shihan – Master
  • Sensei – Teacher
  • Sanpai – Senior Student

Basic Punches

  • Chudan tsuki – middle punch
  • Jodan Tsuki – punch to the face
  • Shita tsuki – upper cut
  • Uraken Ganmen uchi – back fist to the Chin
  • Uraken Sayo Uchi – back fist to the shoulder
  • Uraken Hizo Uchi – back fist to the ribs

Basic Blockings

  • Jodan Uke – upper block
  • Soto Uke outside middle block
  • Uchi Uke – Inside Middle block
  • Gedan Barai – Downward Block
  • Uchi uke Gedan Barai – inside block downward block

Basic Kick

  • Hiza Geri – Knee kick
  • Mae Geri – Front kick
  • Mae Kyage – Axe kick
  • Gedan mawashi geri – leg kick
  • Chudan mawashi geri – kick to the body
  • Jodan Mawashi geri – kick to the face
  • Yoko geri – side kick

Basic Stances

  • Heiko Dachi – ready stance
  • Sanchin Dachi – hour glass stance
  • Kiba Dachi – straddle stance
  • Gyaku – reverse or opposite
  • Mawashi – roundhouse or circular
  • Morote – both hands
  • Sayu – left and right
  • Zenkutsu Dachi – Forward Stance

DIRECTIONS (“HAPPO”)

  • Mae – front
  • Ushiro-back
  • Migi – right
  • Hidari – left
  • Jodan – upper level
  • Chudan – middle level
  • Gedan – lower level

TERMINOLOGY OF BODY PARTS

  • Seiken – front fist
  • Uraken – back fist
  • Tettsui – hammer fist
  • Haisho – back of hand
  • Shotei – palm heel
  • Hiraken – flat fist
  • Shuto – knife hand

Kata

  • Taikyoku-Sono-Ichi, Ni , San
  • Sokugi Taikyoku Sono Ichi, Ni , San
  • Pinan Sono Ichi, Ni , San ,Yon , Go
  • Sanchin ,Tsukino kata, Saiha , Yantsu
  • Tensho, Gekisai dai ,Gekisai Sho ,GaryuSeipai,seinchin,kanku,sushiho